Answer: Even Vermont hasn’t been able to figure this out.
Answer: Costs would increase. The single payer would try to limit spending with wage and price controls and possibly a global budget.
Answer: $32 trillion over 10 years is one guess. Actually, it will devour every dollar that can be taken from taxpayers or creditors and diverted to the system.
Answer: Whomever it pleases. Some money will trickle down to those who help patients, but 40% or more may be siphoned off en route.
Answer: Younger and less experienced physicians, foreign physicians, subservient physicians, non-physicians—or possibly no one.
Answer: If the condition is “covered,” it could be illegal for anyone other than the single payer to pay for treatment—so it will be unavailable.